Hyperpnea is a pathological condition that occurs with frequent shallow breathing if inhalation is carried out in the upper respiratory tract. It causes a decrease in the level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Hyperpnea occurs when a strong emotional shock, causeless anxiety and fear attacks. Sometimes this condition can occur because of:
- panic attacks;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- congestive heart failure;
- heart attacks;
- acute pain due to bleeding development;
- ketoacidosis in pregnant women and similar medical conditions;
- taking stimulants;
- lung diseases;
- infectious diseases.
In the case of hyperpnea, there can be observed:
- rapid breathing;
- shortness of breath;
- suffocation feelings.
It is difficult for a person to take a breath, while during the inhalation the chest rises strongly. Whistling and wheezing can be characteristic, the patient suffers a suffocating cough.
Other symptoms of this disorder may also be observed, such as severe dizziness, impaired vision and hearing, flickering flies in front of the eyes and darkening in the eyes, loss of consciousness, tachycardia, heart pain, skin pallor, muscle weakness, gait disorders, the appearance of cramps, belching, bloating, diarrhea and other dyspeptic disorders. One of the typical signs of this disease is a strong fear of death, which can contribute to the deterioration of the patient’s condition and prevent adequate control of breathing.
It is not difficult to establish the cause of pulmonary hyperventilation. For this, a physical examination of the patient is carried out, measurement of the level of gases in arterial blood, measurement of the pH of arterial blood.
It may also require the appointment of pneumography, the measurement of PaCO2 or the transdermal determination of PCO2 during sleep can be quite informative and possible to identify a disease in such patients with a suspected psychogenic cause of the disease. It happens since the pathology in such patients disappears during sleep.
If hyperpnea is detected, treatment is aimed at eliminating the underlying disease. In cases when the disease occurs on the background of alkalosis and the patient has a narrowing of the cerebral vessels, paresthesia, tetany or arrhythmia, the patient is given a gas mixture that increases PaCO2.
In severe psychogenic forms of the disease, it is enough to reassure the patient and explain to him the cause of the violations. In other cases, the use of beta-blockers and moderate physical activity gives excellent results.
With the timely detection of negative symptoms, in most cases, it is enough to simply hold your breath on inhalation until carbon dioxide accumulates in the blood and brain tissues.
What can you do before the doctor arrives if an attack takes place?
The main task is to calm down, since stress can aggravate the condition. Sit, close your eyes and focus, this condition is not so dangerous that you would be so worried. Try to imagine something, concentrate on some other ideas. You can recall pleasant moments, you can imagine yourself on the seashore and try to hear the waves. In general, do what distracts you from this problem.
You need to slow down your breathing, try to breathe 1 time in 10 seconds. Breathing should be calm, shallow. Control it.
You can try to change the situation, this will help you get distracted.
Try to be in silence, ask everyone to shut up, turn off the TV, radio. The noise will only distract you.
In order to continue to prevent respiratory failure, in addition to treatment, you can start doing yoga or breathing exercises. They are even better, these are special breathing exercises that will help you relax and show how to breathe through your chest and abdomen together and separately. The doctor must display this technique. The result will depend on correct performance.
It is worth learning to relax properly. There are various relaxation techniques that show how to make your muscles relax along with your mind. This is a kind of meditation, an easy way to reduce the risk of disease.
No matter how these unpleasant conditions arise, you should take care of yourself, undergo a medical examination, find out about concomitant diseases, treat them in time. You can play sports, you need to quit bad habits, such as alcohol, smoking. Then the chances of preventing this disease are sharply increased.